ArmorFloor is a two-component, aliphatic polyaspartic application for indoor or outdoor use. Its resilience, durability, and UV resistance make it an excellent choice for many uses. Slip resistance Color Quartz and other abrasive materials may be applied, and in this guide, we will show you how to apply them correctly.
This guide will cover applying a multiple coat floor system consisting of ArmorFloor colored coat, a layer of color coat chips, and finally a topcoat layer of clear ArmorFloor
We aim to enable our customers to take advantage of the application tips on ArmorFloor to obtain a successful garage floor coating that looks incredible and free from any problems that come from poor application and flooring preparation errors. Initially, the steps might seem complicated, but after breaking them down and reading the tips, you will realize that it is not complicated at all; it is just very thorough.
We highly recommend using two people for the actual application process rather than one. That is because polyaspartic flooring systems are time-sensitive during the process of application. When two or more people install the garage floor, it reduces the risk of errors and ensures that large areas are covered quickly.
Polyaspartic is designed to be rolled onto the surface out of a paint tray. You don't have to worry about rushing it because it has a longer pot life, unlike epoxy. Depending on the temperature, its pot life is 2 to 4 hours.
Prepping Your Floor
Before applying your ArmorFloor, you have to have a properly prepared surface. In this case, we will be applying our ArmorFloor to a concrete floor. To do this properly, you first must clean your floor thoroughly and make sure it is completely smooth. It's good to use a powerful degreaser solution such as a mixture of ammonia and dawn.
After you have thoroughly prepped your desired application area, you will be ready to mix your ArmorFloor material to activate it. As we discussed earlier, ArmorFloor is a two-part solution, so it requires you to mix the A part with the B before applying. After the two parts are combined, mix well with slow-speed mixing equipment such as a commercial mixer until the material is thoroughly mixed and streak-free. Improper mixing may result in product failure.
Once done mixing, the ArmorFloor mix is poured into a paint tray; use a brush or small roller to cut in along the walls, expansion joints, and hard to reach areas while a second person rolls the floor out of the paint tray.
(In case you are applying the floor on your own, do not cut in 10 minutes or so before rolling. You want to keep a wet edge at all times.)
Continue cutting in and rolling until the whole floor is done. One coat on a full-color flake coat is not enough because polyurethane has 2 to 3 mil dry film thickness. The coat will be very thin and rough due to the texture of the color flakes layer. To produce the desired protection, two layers are the minimum recommended coats. Three coats are better. But remember not to apply it too thick. It can develop roller marks, look cloudy, and cause an orange peel effect. A 1/4" nap roller is recommended to avoid this from happening rather than a 3/8" nap roller.
Use a pair of spike shoes or golf cleats to allow you to walk over the initial coat. This ensures that the coating has covered all the surface area sufficiently and keeps it from streaking.
After your first coat, you will want to apply your flake coat. Often referred to as color flakes or paint chips, these little explosions of color can help create beautiful custom garage floor coatings with just a little creativity. Besides some distinct advantages to using them, they also tend to create many questions about color combinations, floor coverage rates, the size of the flakes, and how to apply them.
As a tip, it's always wise to err on the side of caution and get a little more flakes than what you think you may need when purchasing them.
One thing to keep in mind when determining your color choices is your floor's base color coat. Grays and tans are the most common base floor colors, but you can do off whites and other colors. If you are doing a garage floor to full refusal, it's still important to keep the base color coat in the same color tone range as the color flakes.
- Light coverage – requires .002 lbs per SF.
- Medium coverage – requires .01 lbs per SF.
- Heavy coverage – requires .04 lbs per SF.
- Full coverage – requires .15 lbs per SF.
Besides the obvious advantages of custom color combinations, color flakes also provide sound deadening qualities and hide sub-surface imperfections in your concrete depending on how many flakes are applied. This means spider cracks and concrete patchwork are less likely to show through the ArmorFloor coating when using a heavy application.
Also, vinyl color flakes are also flexible and strong. When applied to full refusal, they will add a minimum of 5 mils of thickness to your floor, improving both the durability and impact resistance of the surface.
The color flakes are always applied immediately after applying the base color coat of your ArmorFloor coating. You want to start the application within 10 minutes of the final back roll while the coating is still soft and tacky. This allows the flakes to sink into the coating in order to achieve a good bond.
Once the flakes have been applied, it's very important to apply a topcoat. The topcoat is what locks in the color flakes and protects the color coat. A thinner topcoat will provide texture to a heavily flaked garage floor, while a thicker top coat will create a smoother surface without as much texture.
The importance of a clear coat is to not only provide chemical and abrasion resistance but also to protect your color chips. Without a clear topcoat, your floor will be harder to clean, and the chips will become dirty, faded, and will wear down over time.
Before applying the topcoat, you must first be sure that all of the solvents and water have evaporated from the previous coating during the curing process.
To begin, slowly add the clear coat Part B to the clear coat Part A. After the two parts are combined, mix well as you did with your first coat. Your ArmorFloor mixed and applied appearance will be clear and will dry crystal clear.
Start painting in the corner, furthest away from the exit of the room. The preferred and easiest method for applying the clear topcoat is to use a serrated squeegee and spread the material out over the surface. If you chose not to use a squeegee, just a roller will suffice. After you have covered the surface area, use a 3/8" nap roller to back roll the clear coat to level out the coverage area. Use a pair of spike shoes or golf cleats to allow you to walk over the wet clear coat. This ensures that the coating has covered all the surface area sufficiently and keeps it from streaking. Please avoid rolling out the clear coat too thick for it can cause possible issues such as white patches or cloudiness.
Note: Keep in mind that the coverage rate for the first layer of ArmorFloor topcoat will be less on a full-color flake floor. This is due to the coating filling in the voids between layers of paint chips.
When applying a topcoat, walk on the previously applied coat with clean shoes or socks only. Any dirt or debris tracked onto the chips or base coat will be sealed in by applying a clear topcoat. If you come to the end of your floor and still have a clear coat left over, do not use the mixed material to add thickness to the layer you just put down. Usually, you can recoat after 10-12 hours. The topcoat dries to light foot traffic in 24 hours. You can move heavy items on it in 36-48 hours. Please wait 7 days for full cure before vehicle traffic.
Now that you know how to use ArmorFloor, we know you will enjoy your ArmorThane Protected floor for years to come. If you ever run into any accidents such as tire burns or chipping while moving, just remember that you can easily fill in those spots with additional ArmorFloor. If you have more questions, feel free contact your local ArmorThane applicator and they will be happy to guide you through any or all the steps to ensure you end up with the floor you dreamed of having.